It is hard to imagine in the age of CGI animation a time in the not-to-distant past when animation was done in stop-motion photography. These films included small scale models that were moved slightly with each frame. Usually the motion was irregular and jerky because everything was done by hand. Stop-motion (or stop-action) animation was done in the late 1920's with The Lost World and King Kong in 1933. One of the early famous animators was Ray Harryhausen. You can read more about Harryhausen and the early days of animation in our art news section.
Animation and Special Effects are closely related and jobs frequently overlap each other. As with jobs in Special Effects, the pay is good and qualified employees are in demand- especially in California, Florida and New York. Because everything is now computer generated, strong computer skills are essential.
Many animators are creating animated gif images and Flash animations for website design. Some freelance and others work on a web development team.
Ray Harryhausen with two of his stop-motion sculptures from the movie, "Clash of the Titans."
How Do I Become a Newspaper Cartoonist?
Bill Amend, the cartoonist for Foxtrot,
recommends reading the book, Your Career in the Comics by Lee Nordling. He says it took him three years of submitting strips to Universal Press Syndicate before he was offered a contract. Becoming a newspaper cartoonist is next to impossible in the current world recession. Many newspaper companies are closing down. See this article for details.
Job titles in Animation and Cartooning
Sketches movement and ideas through a film.
In charge of the background of the feature.
Studio Background artist
A non-production background prepared by the studio for publicity or presentation purposes.
Establishes direct and reflected lighting and shadow for individual shots. The technical director needs knowledge of UNIX and programming.
Director of Photography
Directs the shooting of film sequences.
Makes masters from the finished film to film negative and digital cinema to high definition video.
This artist frequently creates cartoons for the editorial sections of newspapers. Jobs for this profession are dwindling as newspapers fold.
An original background painting used in the final version of an animated film or short.
Pencil Model Sheet Artist
A group of original pencil drawings on one sheet that illustrate an animated character in a variety of poses and expressions. Model sheets are lithographed and distributed to the animation team to ensure a uniform look and feel to a character throughout a production.