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and Students Since 1994


Female Artists Through History

Local Women Artists Throughout History

By Anne Jude


American art expresses an exceptional vitality, especially pieces by Southern California natives. The ethnically diverse region rich in complex culture produces unparalleled talent. Contemporary pieces illustrate the changing nature of human relations within the digital arena, yet a look into the past reveals a stunning collection of poignant visual statements. Few recognize the unique accomplishments of women who faced rampant misogyny as well as social pressure to sacrifice their passions for the confines of domestic life. The following provides a brief overview of several prominent female artists from Southern California.


Anyone who visits the California State Senate Committee Room in Sacramento will catch a glimpse of Lucile Lloyd's mural. Though Lloyd was actually born in Cincinnati, Ohio, she moved to Pasadena, California early in her adult life. She remained in the Greater Los Angeles area until her tragic suicide in 1941. She performed most of her work on commission for architectural firms and painted in local churches, schools, and other public buildings. She actively supported community organizations to promote creative causes; her legacy conveys a profound sense of dedication to her civic duties.

Figure 1: Lucile Lloyd- California State Senate Committee Room Mural (Click for larger image)


Painting by Lucille Lloyd


Professional photographer Ruth Harriet Louise moved to Los Angeles from New Brunswick, New Jersey. Though her career lasted a mere 5 years, her lasting contribution to the motion picture industry remains unsurpassed. Louise worked for MGM Studios as the first female portrait photographer in Hollywood history. She participated in sessions with numerous well-known actors, including Joan Crawford, Lon Chaney, Greta Garbo, and John Gilbert. She retired in order to marry director Leigh Jackson, which was considered customary at that time. Louise passed away ten years later from complications associated with childbirth. Critics hold her images on the same level as renowned studio artists of the era. Her work survives on a posthumous Flickr account along with a website currently in the developmental stages.


Photo of Ruth Harriet Louise

Figure 2: Ruth Harriet Louise- First Female Hollywood Photographer


Renaissance woman Judy Chicago is another prominent visual and literary personality who makes her home in California. As a painter, author, and teacher, she concentrates primarily on feminists themes and Jewish heritage. Originally from Chicago, Illinois, she relocated to Los Angeles to pursue her college education. She graduated with high honors from UCLA and eventually got her Master's Degree from the same prestigious institution. Born Judy Gerowitz, she changed her last name to Chicago in order to rid herself of the looming culture of male dominance. Her work was heavily circulated during the 1970s, when she played a pivotal role in the women's rights movement for social equality. She co-founded the nation's first Feminist Art program at California State University, Fresno as well as the Feminist division of CalArts at the California Institute for the Arts. Additionally, she helped create a special Feminist Studio Workshop in Los Angeles. The Workshop remains within the Los Angeles Women's Building and frequently showcases Feminist exhibitions. Chicago acts as director of Through the Flower, which is a non-profit organization that advances her body of work.


Art by Judy Chicago

Figure 3: Judy Chicago's famous The Dinner Party



See IAD's Female Artists Page.


Los Angeles in the 1930s: The WPA Guide to the City of Angels - A book that features Lucile Lloyd's murals in California.


Ruth Harriet Louise and Hollywood Glamour Photography. - Louise shot about one hundred thousand negatives that distilled the glamour, drama, and excitement of MGM's feature productions. Robert Dance and Bruce Robertson re-create the entire process--from the moment a performer sat in front of Louise's camera to the point at which a fan pasted a star's picture into a scrapbook. They provide insight into Louise's work habits in the studio and describe the personal dynamics between Louise and the actors she photographed. See also posters of actress Renee Adoree. and child actor Jackie Coogan..


Through The Flower: My Struggle as A Woman Artist. by Judy Chicago - Says Judy, "Through the Flower was my first book... My hope was that it would aid young women artists in their development and that reading about my struggles might help them avoid some of the pitfalls that were so painful to me."


Judy Chicago. - Many works are documented here in 100 color plates; 20 detail her well-known "The Dinner Party" (1979), a collaboration featuring table settings that honor 39 women. This book contains contributions by Edward Lucie-Smith, who defines Chicago's moral vision; Lucy Lippard, who interviews her; and curator Viki D. Thompson Wylder, who offers a fine essay on Chicago's oeuvre. You can also acquire a poster of Judy's work, Through the Flower..