Books/images of witches and wizards - images from film and literature - images of witches/wizards dolls and puppets. (See Resources below) Pattern for puppet, pattern for clothes (patterns help to make cutting of clothes go much more smoothly)
Brainstorm and illustrate different types of costumes and characters
Illustrate the "still life" of a witch (what props/surroundings would be present). Demonstrate your understanding of the elements (line, tone and shape)
Develop 2 characters from your brainstorming and preliminary illustrations
Choose one to generate to a full size image. Illustrate the clothing, hair, jewelry and accessories. Label and color. Incorporate line, shape, pattern.
ART SKILLS AND PROCESSES:
Students use skills, techniques and technologies of the arts
To the teacher - Develop a WebQuest for witches and wizards - find suitable sites for student to explore to see the role in film and literature... include some online sources for dollmakers and puppet makers. Teacher will integrate technology through the use of a PowerPoint of images.
Experiment with drawing techniques in a variety of ways
Experiment with the different clay techniques shown in class - in a variety of ways
Experiment with different clothing designs.
Skills and Processes:
Demonstrate the necessary clay skills and knowledge in clay construction and sculptural detail (pinch method, additive and subtractive and slab methods)
Select the appropriate mixed media and apply detail carefully to final piece.
Elements and Principles:
Demonstrate careful consideration of the elements - form space and texture -- and the principles - unity, balance, proportion.
Creativity and Originality:
Create a clay puppet that reflects an intriguing interpretation of the theme.
Make a pinch pot head to approximate size given - add facial features and carve features. Make sure head is hollow - put pin hole in back of head for air to escape. Shape into chin and neck. Put small hole in neck for tying to body - put hole through at top for stringing.
Cut body section - make impressions for knots of arms and legs (these will be hot glued on) Alternate - put holes and tie on arms and legs with fish line. Put hole towards bottom of body for string - this will help marionette take a bow.
Cut out and shape hands and feet/shoes - put hole in for string up. Alternate suggestion: put holes in knees to give a walking motion - using one long string for legs. Make impression for knots on hand and feet ( or small holes to tie on with fishing line).
Make knees and elbows - use straw to put hole through.
Put name on back of body - keep all parts together on wood boards for drying. (Teacher make want to have some quickly made ceramic bow shapes ready to put all pieces in Kiln for firing)
Select media to achieve unique qualities and decorative treatments within your work.
Produce a fired clay puppet that uses mixed media in construction, decorative treatment and final detail
Assemble puppet - Hot glue arms and legs cord knots to hands, feet and body. String puppet up - make cross bar by latching the two sticks at 90° angle. To the teacher: Look at a variety of marionette puppets to determine the way you prefer to string them up. Holes can be pre-drilled in cross bars. Wire brads can be nailed in at either end of the cross bar for one long continuous string for legs.
Demonstrate you can focus on the end task, take pride in your
workspace, be responsible, clean up and participate in
ARTS IN SOCIETY:
Students understand the role of arts in society
Research dollmaking and puppet making using source provided
Explore an artist who make dolls and/or puppets
Discuss and show example of their work
Write a short play for your puppet.
ASSESSMENT - ARTS RESPONSES:
Students use aesthetic understanding to respond to and evaluate the arts
Fill out self-evaluation rubric
Outline why you think it is or isn't successful and how you could make improvements.
Assess on craftsmanship - creativity and originality - proportions - embellishments - costume design and accessories
Heroes, Super Heroes, Mythical/fantasy creatures, Story telling (each
student make a character for a student written play).
I would think the easiest way to make a witch costume would be to fold a length of fabric in half that is as wide as the length of arms if they were outstretched (select a tightly woven fabric)... from arm to arm ... and as long as you need... doubled. Make a small hole in the fold for the head... add a small slit in front until you can stick the head through the hole. Then cut sleeves by cutting a triangle shape ... Sleeve wider at the bottom ... going up toward the arm pits (leaving enough fabric at top of arms to put hand and elbow through). Allow plenty of fabric to fit around the body - and tie in at the waist. Sew under arm seam and side seam. Tie the waist with a bit of extra fabric or ribbon. Cut the sleeve area into small wedges the lower edge - spikey. Do the same to the bottom of the robe as high as needed. It would be primitive... but I think effective enough for a puppet. Of course it should be out of black fabric to be "witchy"... and the hat could be made out of a donut shaped piece of black foam or paper or painted cardboard with a cone shape out of the same stuff glued to it (try black Pellon or black felt)
The magician's costume could be done the same way except the I wouldn't cut the slits in sleeves or hem and I would make it out of blue fabric and add stars and moons out of yellow. Add a wand... bend the hat tip... and you are in gear.
Note from Judy Decker: When I did marionettes - I had the kids all tie their puppets together using a figure template under it (on 8 ½ x 14 paper) - Since all of the bodies were the same size block of wood. Using the template - they got the arms and legs the same length (close enough anyways). Students had done their own drawings when they planned the puppets and got their lesson in figure proportion that way. They all understood the need for consistency in assembling their puppets.
Make one pattern that will work for a witches dress - or a wizard's robe. Adapt it to fit with different tie belts. Wizard would wear a slimmer gown under the robe. You can get some black lace to make shawls for the witches (cut triangle shape and tie in front - draping over shoulders. Get a parent volunteer to help with the sewing if you decide to machine stitch them all. Student should be able to hand stitch the sides - but it will be time consuming. A cape can be made from a semi-circle - with neck area cut out. Gather up at the neck with a running stitch and glue a ¼ inch ribbon tie around to have a bow in front.
Note from Ken Rohrer: Harry Potter has been a very successful book and movie franchise and students have a high interest in the subject. Puppets or marionettes could mimic characters from the book and movie. See how one puppet troop does an hilarious skit on Harry Potter with the Potter Puppet Pals below:
Making and Manipulating Marionettes - This is a gorgeously printed state-of-the-art book on marionette making. This book is current and is bound to become a collectible book. Be sure and get this one before it is out of print - I doubt many were made. Great stuff on trick marionettes, as well.
The Complete Book of Marionettes - Entertaining guide provides all the information needed to construct puppets and puppet theaters, including valuable advice on making heads, bodies, wigs, and puppet clothing, manipulating the puppet, setting up and furnishing a stage, lighting scenes, and building miniature pieces of furniture. Complete script for Beauty and the Beast. Over 200 illustrations.
The Hand-Carved Marionettes of Gustave Baumann : Share Their World - Famous colour woodcut printmaker, Gustave Baumann was a superb woodcarver who was captivated by puppet theatre. In the 1930s, Baumann carved a collection of marionettes for plays he wrote about New Mexico's cultural heritage. This entertaining book tells the story of Baumann's theatre, describing in detail the plays, sets, and costuming, and highlights the extraordinary wood-carving artistry of this master.
Note from Ken Rohrer: When I was an art teacher in the 80's, I was fortunate to teach a very gifted student who is now a professional puppeteer. In 2012 he had a show in New York called Lunatic Cunning. He put up a preview of the show on YouTube and you can see the preview below:
Isobel & Vaughan Tyrer are well known doll artists. Their website is no longer in existence and it appears they are retired. However, their dolls are still sold on the web. See Gandalf as an example of their work.