Submitted by: Robin Mendenhall, at Pittsfield Elementary School, Ann Arbor, MI UNIT: Printmaking - Op Art - Math Integration Lesson: Corrugated Cardboard Relief Print Project Grade Level: Upper Elementary through Middle School
Explore Geometric design, Basic shapes (Circle, Square, & Triangle), and the play of Vertical & Horizontal Lines
Practice Relief Printing (printing plate, inking plate, embossing, & color print registration)
Each student will need two 8 inch by 8 inch (20.3 x 20.3 cm) pieces of white Drawing Paper, one 8 inch by 8 inch (20.3 x 20.3 cm) corrugated cardboard, and one 8 inch by 8
inch (20.3 x 20.3 cm) firm board as base plate to create their printing plate, and then lots of paper larger than the printing plates to make the prints.
This project was created and taught in the Spring of 2006. Robin had the good fortune to get enough corrugated cardboard (one smooth liner side and the "flutes" exposed on the other side) for two classes. This inspired the printing project she did with 4th & 5th graders. To see examples of their finished work, go to the Ann Arbor Public School Student Art Gallery. View the relief prints from her other students in the archive of the student gallery. The Gallery has been updated since then.
Note, the Sunburst Cardboard Prints with the 2nd grade will also come up along with the 4th and 5th grade Corrugated Cardboard Relief Prints.
Geometric - Op Art - Relief Print - Rotate - Vertical/Horizontal - Registration - Embossed print
Optional: show examples of Op Art using geometric shapes
Optional: show examples of relief prints using geometric shapes (Judy Pfaff is a good one to use).
Figure 1. Crayon rubbing and templates
Figure 2. Make a plan using templates
Figure 3. mock up using rubbing and plate
Figure 4. Embossed print and plate
On the class "Rubbing Plate", line up a 8 inch by 8 inch (20.3 x 20.3 cm) white paper to create parallel lines over the paper's surface by rubbing with a black crayon (Robin makes crayon "cakes" for this using melted crayons) See figure
Use the collection of basic shapes stencils to make a design where the shapes do not overlap or go off the edge. See figure
Make a mock up of the printing plate by cutting out the shapes and rotating them until a design is created that is worth repeating with the corrugated cardboard. Glue down design on another sheet of white paper. (This can be a finished project by itself.) Using the same stencils, repeat the design on the smooth side of the 8 inch by 8 inch corrugated cardboard, cut out, and glue to a firm board base plate. See figure 3.
Once the printing plate is glued down, paint with a sealant (polymer medium). Before printing with ink, an embossed (inkless print) print can be printed. This works better with dampened paper (plastic wrap can be used to prevent paper from sticking to plate) See figure 4.
Roll ink onto plate applying thin layer of ink. Gently center printing paper over plate (on clean newspaper surface). Rub back of paper with flat side of wooden spoon to transfer ink. Pull print. Place prints on Drying Rack to dry.
The first black ink print can be used as a template to make colored registered printing papers for further printing exploring the relationship between an unchanged image (the printing plate) and embellishment (doctored printing paper). See example above. Place printing paper over dry print. Arrange colored paper onto paper (fadeless paper or Tissue paper). Glue paper shapes in place (glue sticks work well). Marker color may also be done on blank paper placed over dry print. Register inked plate on top of color accented paper - carefully turn over to pull print. Many good examples can be found in the Ann Arbor Student Gallery.
More advanced students could print on different colors of paper - then cut dry prints a part and rearrange - piece different colors together like a puzzle alternating colors. Glue.
Assessment Rubric: (Adapted from Marianne Galyk)
Assignment: Corrugated Cardboard Relief Print
Circle the number in pencil that best shows how well you feel that you completed that criterion for the assignment.
Criteria 1 – Crayon Rubbing plan for print
9 – 8
6 or less
Criteria 2 – Construction of
printing plate following plan
9 – 8
6 or less
Criteria 3 – Print from plate - Color enhanced print
9 – 8
6 or less
Criteria 4 – Effort: took time to develop idea & complete project? (Didn’t rush.) Good use of class time?
9 – 8
6 or less
Criteria 5 – Craftsmanship – Neat, clean & complete? Skillful use of the art tools & media?
9 – 8
6 or less
x 2 = 100
National Standards (Standards covered depend on how much discussion you have)
1. Understanding and applying media, techniques, and processes
2. Using knowledge of structures and functions
3. Choosing and evaluating a range of subject matter, symbols, and ideas
5. Reflecting upon and assessing the characteristics and merits of their work and the work of others
6. Making connections between visual arts and other disciplines
Students know the differences between materials, techniques, and processes
Students know the differences among visual characteristics and purposes of art in order to convey ideas
Students explore and understand prospective content for works of art
Students understand there are various purposes for creating works of visual art
Students describe how different materials, techniques, and processes cause different responses
Students describe how different expressive features and organizational principles cause different responses
Students select and use subject matter, symbols, and ideas to communicate meaning
Students identify connections between the visual arts and other disciplines in the curriculum
Students use visual structures and functions of art to communicate ideas
Students understand there are different responses to specific artworks
Students use art materials and tools in a safe and responsible manner