Van Gogh was a Post-Impressionist painter. Typical of Post-Impressionists were their bold, dramatic brush strokes which expressed emotion and added a feeling of movement to their work. Van Gogh's primary subject matter in his paintings were figures, landscapes, cityscapes, and scenery. Perhaps his most famous painting is Starry Night. Van Gogh painted 30 self-portraits between the years 1886 and 1889.
Van Gogh painted Enclosed Field with Ploughman at Saint-rémy-de-provence, France. Van Gogh painted several other paintings at that location. After completion, Van Gogh gave the painting to his brother, Theo van Gogh, the year after he painted it. The painting then sold and resold several times until it finally ended up where it resides today, The Museum of Fine Arts in Boston.
In the middle of his art career, Van Gogh began using a lighter palette of reds, yellows, oranges, greens, and blues, and experimented with the broken brush strokes of the Impressionists. On the left you can see a close-up of these broken pain strokes in a closeup of the painting above. Van Gogh also attempted pointillism of the Neo-Impressionists where contrasting dots of pure color are optically mixed into the resulting color by the viewer from a distance. You can see this style in his painting, Self-Portrait with a Straw Hat of 1885.
Below: Enclosed Field with Ploughman, 1889. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. (To buy a copy click on the painting)