Submitted by: Lotte Petricone, Clarkstown Central School District, NY UNIT: Painting Lesson: Night Sky Paintings (Adapted from ArtsEdge) Grade Level: Middle School Grade 6 (adaptable to elementary)
Rationale for Teaching Lesson:
Students will look at and discuss a variety of artistic representations of the night sky, and compare the artworks to scientific representations of the constellations and stars; and paint their own representation of the night sky.
1. Draw a star and explain what it looks like, compare common representations of 5 & 6 point stars.
2. Compare night sky paintings by van Gogh, Munch, Matisse and Miro
3. Study real stars in photos from observatories and satellites.
4. Create a painting of the night sky, incorporating ideas from the art & science studied.
5. Write an Artist Statement about their work.
Click on images below for larger views
New York State Learning Standards:
Students will actively engage in the processes that constitute creation and performance in the arts and participate in various roles in the arts.
Students will be knowledgeable about and make use of the materials and resources available for participation in the arts in various roles.
Students will respond critically to a variety of works in the arts, connecting the individual to other works and to respond to other aspects of human endeavor and thought.
Students will develop and understanding of the personal and cultural force that shape artistic communication and how the arts in turn shape the diverse cultures of past and present society.
How the Standards are addressed in this lesson:
Standard 1: Create a painting of a night sky using tempera paint.
Standard 2: Compare and contrast a variety of artworks about the night sky as inspiration, and use the computer lab to research the science of the night sky.
Standard 3: Compare and contrast a variety of artworks about the night sky; write an Artist Statement about the art created.
Standard 4: By using art & science as inspiration, make the connection that artists have always used each other and the night sky in their art.
1. Do Now On paper provided, draw a star. Share drawings, discuss similarities and differences. Why do they draw it they way they did? Where have they seen stars like these? Is this what stars really look like from earth? Why do people draw them with points at the edges instead of spheres? Why does that happen? Has anyone ever see a star twinkle?
2. Explain that stars are actually spheres of gas, and appear to have rays or points because we are looking at them from a great distance, through the filtering of the atmosphere.
3. Look at and discuss the Night Sky Art using notes in PP.
4. Summarize how have artists made choices in how to show stars?
Assessment Method: verbal.
Segment 2: Star Search in the Computer Lab
Introduce WebQuest, reading together in the Internet. Hand out worksheets to be filled in while looking at websites. After the search, findings are shared and written on a large chart.
Independent Practice: Students spend 15-20 minutes searching the web for images and writing down their observations on the sheet.
Closure: Ask them to think back Are the real stars we see here in any way like the ones we saw in the artworks we looked at yesterday? What ways? What kinds of colors did you see? What kinds of shapes?
Assessment Method: Verbal
Segment 3: Intro to painting
Guided Practice: Demo of painting techniques, color wheels and value charts: Wet brush, dry brush, how to keep a point on the brush, primary and secondary colors. Have students mix together a secondary color, and then create tints and shades with it on a value chart. Discuss different ways to create shades, and how to mix black and white with color.
Independent Practice Create color wheels and value charts using the Xeroxes.
Assessment Method: Verbal review how to mix tints and shades
Segment 4: Nocturne Painting
Guided Practice: Review and discuss the art and images of stars, focus on the artist choices. How will they choose to show stars in a night sky? Do they want to see some land, or only the sky? Review variety of painting techniques and how they can affect the painting. Plan the painting first by sketching with a pencil, and then begin painting.
Independent Practice: Begin painting by planning sketch, then painting.
Assessment Method: Verbal review, final art to be graded with a rubric.
Segment 5: Artist Statement
Guided Practice Go over Artist Statement assignment and graphic organizer, discuss good writing and grading.
Independent Practice: Begin Statement by filling in organizer and starting first draft in class due next day.
Star Search WebQuest:
This is a Web Quest for Sixth Grade Art Students.
You are an artist who is researching the night sky for inspiration for a painting. After looking at how artists in the past have depicted stars, you are here to collect visual data about actual stars that scientists have gathered in four categories: COLOR, SHAPES, IMAGE, INFORMATION. You must spend some time at both websites below in order to complete your research.
Go to each of the websites below, following the instructions for each to find the visuals, in order to make list what you see into the 4 different categories on your sheet. Look at as much as possible on your way through the galaxies!
The Color Wheel has been completed absolutely correctly: showing primary, secondary and intermediate colors carefully and correctly mixed and painted
The Color Wheel has been completed correctly: showing primary, secondary and intermediate colors correctly mixed and painted with only a few rough lines
The Color Wheel has been completed correctly: showing primary, secondary and intermediate colors almost correctly mixed and painted with several rough lines
The Color Wheel has been completed correctly: showing primary, secondary and intermediate colors incorrectly mixed in many places and sloppily painted with many rough lines
(no Color Wheel = 0)
The Value Chart has been completed absolutely correctly, showing very clear tints and shades that change gradually
The Value Chart has been completed correctly, showing clear tints and shades that change pretty gradually
The Value Chart has been completed, showing tints and shades that change somewhat gradually. The change may be a bit abrupt at some spots
The Value Chart has been completed, showing tints and shades that change pretty abruptly in many spots (no Value Chart = 0)
Painting shows a very clear nocturne inspired by the art or web quest
Painting shows a clear nocturne inspired by the art or web quest
Painting shows a nocturne, but it is not clear that it was inspired by the art or web quest and/or there is a question about it even being a nocturne
It is not clear that the painting is a Nocturne and/seems to have nothing to do with the art or web quest
The artist demonstrates very successful skills in painting technique Ð the edges are defined and the artist used color and value to very clearly express the time and place
The artist demonstrates successful skills in painting technique Ð most of the edges are defined with only a few rough ones and the artist used color and value to clearly express the time and place
The artist demonstrates somewhat successful skills in painting technique Ð while some of the edges are defined some are rough, and/or the artist used color and value to attempt to express the time and place
The artist does not demonstrate successful skills in painting technique Ð many of the edges are rough, and/or the time and place are not clearly expressed through the use of color and value
There is a very clear sense of Space in the Nocturne, because the artist used a horizon line and overlapping objects
There is a clear sense of Space in the Nocturne, because the artist used a horizon line and some overlapping objects
There is a vague sense of Space in the Nocturne, because the artist may not have used a clear and understandable horizon line and/or few overlapping objects
There is no sense of Space in the Nocturne, because the artist may not have used a horizon line and/or no overlapping objects