Submitted by: Grace Hall, Wilkes Central High School in Wilkesboro, NC. UNIT: Golden Mean - Math/Science Integration Lesson: The Golden Mean Project - Design in Nature Grade Level: High School (grades 10-12) Approximate Time Needed: 5 to 7 class periods
1. Download the Power Point Presentation (To download this to your hard drive, right-click on the link and select "save link as.") , review it and research the topic to become familiar with how the Golden Mean connects with art.
2. Collect materials needed from the list above.
3. Make transparencies with the 4 different styles of the Golden Mean by either tracing them on transparencies, or by using a copy machine.
1. Begin by posing the first essential question to the class and discuss the ideas they come up with. Conclude by informing students of the theory of the Golden Mean.
2. Use the Power Point Presentation to instruct students on the background of the Golden Mean.
3. The presentation concludes with the activity including the rubric that will be used to assess the final product.
4. Distribute the handout. Begin the activity.
5. Set a due date; depending on the class give them from a week to 2 weeks.
6. Conclude with a group critique discussing issues included in the rubric.
7. Allow students to make changes if necessary.
8. Display the artwork for the class or the school including a brief description of the goal of the assignment.
Click images for larger views
1. In this assignment students will choose a pattern from nature which is created through the phenomenon of the Golden Mean such as the pattern in a Nautilus Shell or the pattern from the seed pod of a sunflower to inspire an original design.
2. Students will use the layouts provided on the transparencies to create an original work of art for the composition. The solutions to this problem are infinite.
3. Show students books and magazines with patterns from nature and suggest ways they could use them. Allow them to use the Internet to further research natural patterns.
4. Demonstrate how students are to tape down their canvas paper so as to leave an even white border around the edge of the paper.
5. Have students select a background color for the entire painting and paint that color within the masking tape area, overlapping enough to create a straight edge when the tape is removed.
6. Demonstrate using the overhead projector to project one of the Golden Ratio transparencies over the background and trace it in chalk over the background.
7. Using the Golden Ratio pattern that they chose, they must determine what part of the design will be the center of interest and place it in the section of the pattern of the Golden Ratio.
8. Students may use chalk or pencil to draw in the composition.
9. If students have not used Acrylic Paint before, a discussion of the nature, care and cleaning of acrylics should be discussed including the fact that acrylics dry fast and that they will harden in the brushes and at the bottom of the sink. Acrylics may be used transparently by adding an acrylic medium or water. Alternately, by adding Gesso they may also become more opaque. Acrylics will not come out of clothes unless they are removed while still wet and that isn’t guaranteed. Acrylics can be covered with plastic wrap in order to keep them moist for the next day.
10. Instruct students on the importance of good craftsmanship and technical accuracy.
11. Circulate to be sure students understand the concept and are using the paints appropriately.
12. When the paintings are finished have students sign their work
in one of the lower corners of the painting and carefully remove the
masking tape to reveal the white border around the painting.
13. Upon the due date, conclude the lesson with a critique using the rubric as a foundation for the discussion.
14. Allow students to make changes to their work based on
suggestions during the critique before grading or displaying the work.
National Visual Arts Standards for Grades 9-12:
1. Using knowledge of structures and functions. (other National Standards below)
State Visual Arts Standards for Art II-IV: (North Carolina) COMPETENCY GOAL 3: The learner will organize the components of a work into a cohesive whole through knowledge of organizational principles of design and art elements.
(North Carolina) 3.06 Demonstrate the ability to form and defend judgments about the characteristics of structures to accomplish commercial, personal, communal or other purposes of art.
National Educational Technology Standards:
V. TECHNOLOGY RESEARCH TOOLS
* Students use technology to locate, evaluate, and collect information from a variety of sources.
* Students evaluate and select new information resources and technological innovations based on the appropriateness for specific tasks.
Goal: To understand the Golden Ratio as a means of organizing a work of art.
TLW: Observe and recall information regarding the mathematical properties of the Golden Mean.
TLW: Associate how artists have used the Golden Mean to create masterpieces throughout history.
TLW: Demonstrate knowledge of the Golden Mean using one of the formulas of organization to create an original work of art.
TLW: Select a pattern from nature to inspire an original composition.
TLW: Design a composition organized using the Golden Mean and inspired by a pattern from nature.
TLW: Verbally assess the value of using the Golden Mean to organize their own compositions as well as those of their peers in a class critique.
• Is the design original?
• Did the composition use the Golden Mean?
• Did the painting use a pattern found in nature to inspire the design?
• Does the design demonstrate knowledge of space as an element of design?
• Did the student use acrylic paint properly and/or creatively?
• Does the design show technical craftsmanship?
• Did the student use proper care and conservation of tools and supplies?
• Was the project completed in a timely manner?