Serving Art Educators and Students Since 1994
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Submitted by: Kathy Barger, Welch Elementary
THEME/TOPIC: MAGNIFICENT MUMMIES -
Art of Egypt - Symmetry
Lesson: Symmetrical Mummy Drawings/Mixed Media
Grade level: Elementary (these are second grade)
SPECIAL OBJECTIVES: The student will:
Will become familiar with the Egyptian culture
Know why Egyptian mummified their dead
Become familiar with hieroglyphic writing
Create their own mummy case using cut paper a a variety of materials
Use symmetry in the creation of their mummy.
-Transparencies from book on Mummies
-Copies of hieroglyphic for each students
Black Drawing Paper 12"x18" (30.5 x 46 cm)
Metallic Oil Pastels (or Glitter/Metallic Crayons)
Construction Paper, Crayons
Skinny black Sharpie Fine Point Markers
Glitter - gold, silver pens (Metallic Markers)
Ankh Symmetry Symbols
ART GOALS & OBJECTIVES: The learner will:
2.1.1 Speculate about a work of art, i.e., who made it, what materials, techniques, and skills were used; its intended purpose; and how it is used.
2.1.3 Recognize that artists from different times have made images, objects, and
sounds for many purposes.
2.2.1 Control a variety of materials, tools, techniques, and processes while creating
works of art.
2.3.2 Use appropriate criteria and vocabulary to discuss and evaluate works of art.
2.3.4 Determine central ideas in works of art.
2.4.1 Develop an openness to informed opinions and ideas that differ from their own.
-Using the transparencies and prints discuss the Egyptian culture and how they created mummies. Pay special attention to their use of symbols and designs and the how long ago their religion existed. Point out the symmetry involved in the creation if the mummy cases. Discuss clothing and jewelry styles, in particular the collars and headdresses. Hair is an important feature to note. Demonstrate how to create a mummy case from a folded piece of paper by placing the pattern on the fold. Trace with chalk and be sure to add name to their paper. (Or allow student to draw their own mummy shape)
-Draw scarf and show different styles. Draw collar. Add stripe which holds the hieroglyphics. Begin to divide the body into sections and add designs. Stress drawing big so that it will be easy to color and will transfer well. Demonstrate how to transfer the design by turning the design inside out and rubbing with a ruler, pencil or scissors handle. Check to see that it is transferring well.
-Color mummy, taking care to see that it is neat and symmetrical.
-Trace face patterns (or allow student to draw their own face shapes)
-Add face, step by step
-Color with markers
-Glue on to mummy
-Cut out mummy
-If through early, make cartouche on the computer.
History Tie-in- Have students review recent news articles about King Tut. His postmortem was very interesting in that it indicated he died of Malaria and had a cleft palette and other ailments.
On The Project Were Students Able To:
-Able to create a symmetrical mummy case
-Create an interesting set of patterns on the case
-Color at a developmentally appropriate level
-Add a face that typifies the Egyptian facial features
-Use glitter to enhance their project
In Discussions Were Students Able To:
-Describe something about the mummification process
-Relate information about where the Egyptians lived on the timeline
-Give some characteristics of mummy cases.
Image above from Pyramidcam.com. They used to have live images but after the "Arab Spring" uprising, there have been no live images since.
IMAX: Mummies- Secrets of the Pharaohs - In IMAX detail, unravel the enshrouded human time capsules that have become the most fascinating mystery of our time Egypt's mummies. Probe ancient tombs to uncover these carefully hidden phenomena, and follow top scientists as they embark on a modern-day forensic investigation of the mummies that could have huge implications in the study of modern diseases.
National Geographic: King Tut's Final Secrets - An international team of scientists is investigating the Tut's secrets using state of the art technology. It's a high-tech exploration of the most celebrated mummies and their tombs and about this famed curse and a series of puzzling deaths that cross the centuries.
National Geographic- The Quest for Lost Tombs - In Saqqara, Egypt's city of the dead, archaeologists began chipping away to find a honeycomb of burial shafts, passages and funeral chambers connected to Ramses and Tutankhamen. Filming for two years, National Geographic has exclusive access to this amazing site as the team uncovers one incredible find after another.
National Geographic's Egypt - This DVD takes you across Egypt.
Internet Resources - Select sites appropriate for your students
Egyptian Art -An extensive site on Egypt art and history with contemporary art by Richard Deuer. You will find valuable information about Ancient Egypt. Excellent educational site- lots to see! Listing of Myths
Ancient Egypt From the British Museum. Excellent site with image map takes you back into Ancient Egypt. life, gods and goddesses, geography, writing, temples and so much more.
Guardians of Egypt Explore the mystery and splendor of Egypt. Ancient Egyptian art and culture. this site gives you numerous links to Egypt. Check out the Kids Section for some fun sites. Use the buttons at side and bottom of the page. Site created by Andrew Bayuk.
Mummies of Ancient Egypt What are mummies and how are they made. Learn about the Afterlife. Site created by University of Michigan. (Archive)
The Mummy Maker - Interactive game from the BBC. Takes a while to load - but is a fun way to review the steps to mummification. You are to prepare the body of Ramose, officer to the king, for burial. See also Discovery Kids' Mummy Maker
Animal Mummies in the Cairo Museum Ancient Egyptians mummified their dead. They also turned their beloved pets and sacred animals into mummies.
Valley of the Kings - Theban Mapping Project. Experience sixty-five narrated video tours by Dr. Weeks that take you inside the tombs and explore a 3D recreation of tomb. Many of high quality images (click on transcripts to go to the larger images). Interactive timeline - plus a section (Sites) that hyperlinks to the video clip for that tomb - and some interesting articles.
The University of Memphis Institute of Egyptian Art and Archaeology. See Ancient Egyptian artifacts. Take a virtual tour of Egypt.--click on location. Be sure to click on thumbnail to see larger images.
Ancient Egypt from Exploring Ancient World Cultures…good links to other sites including the Pyramids. Pyramid Crossword Puzzle.-- Images links.
Nova Online: Pyramids Wander through the chambers and passageways of the Great Pyramid, and learn about the pharaohs for whom these monumental tombs were built.
National Geographic: Secret of Egypt Explore the pyramids - interactive adventure.
At the Tomb of Tutankhamen - after sixteen years of labor, the late Lord Carnarvon and Mr. Howard Carter found their reward. Learn about the arrival at Luxor and the official opening.
Egyptian Art: Virtual Art Room. Online exhibit from Virginia Museum of Fine Arts. Browse this as a refresher course on art of Ancient Egypt. (Archive)
Egyptian Ceramics (Archive) Early Dynasty's brought the development and use of the potters wheel and the more extensive use of clay. Find out more about the culture of ancient Egypt: Ancient Egypt Culture Exhibit from Minnesota State University (archive). See these two examples from the British of World Cultures. Faience Fish (from Getty -no longer on line). More on Egyptian Pottery. (Archive)
Egypt Fun Guide from Busch Gardens -Tampa Florida. Lots of fun activities to do. Hieroglyphics, Crossword puzzle, make a cartouche, mummy maze and so much more fun activities.
Egyptian State Information Service Site Lots to see about Egypt today. View images, visit museums, learn more about Egypt.
King Tut and the Golden Age of Pharaohs - The traveling exhibit by National Geographic.
Write Your Name in Hieroglyphics- Be sure to write your name phonetically.
Neferchichi's Tomb Neferchichi's Tomb Have fun "If there's one thing Neferchichi really loves, it's learning about ancient Egypt. After twelve years in scribe school, she developed an appreciation for the value of education". Check out Clip Art! Check Hieroglyphics. Make a Fruity Pharaoh (learn how to mummify)
World Art Treasures Slide collection of art form Egypt, China, Japan, India, and Europe. (Archive)
Egyptian Mathematics Where the Egyptians really excelled was in medicine and applied mathematics.
Egyptian Mythology - nice concise article by Robert H. Dyson, Jr. (no images - but those are easy to find). Includes short creation story.
How to make a mummy - Cornish hen (Archive)