Serving Art Educators
and Students Since 1994
Submitted by: Judy Decker
Note: Format yourself into Word. When I used this with students, it was a four page test.
Elements and Principles of Design – Pre-Test
True or False: Read each of the following statements very carefully. Mark "T" for each true statement. Mark "F" for each false statement. Use a # 2 pencil only. Be sure to blacken in your answer and erase completely any errors. DO NOT MARK ON THIS TEST.
1. Asymmetrical is a type of visual balance in which two sides of a composition are different yet balanced.
2. Informal balance is another word for symmetrical balance.
3. Unity is word that best describes the arrangement of parts of an artwork.
4. An artwork that is balanced seems to have equal visual weight of interest in all areas. It seems stable.
5. Focal point is another way of saying center of interest. The center of interest is usually the most important part of a work of art.
6. Color spectrum is a plan for selecting or organizing colors for a composition.
7. A circular chart of colors is commonly used to remember color relationships when working with pigments.
8. Secondary colors are directly opposite each other on the color wheel.
9. When complementary colors are mixed together, they make a neutral brown or gray.
10. Colors are said to be contrasting when there is a large difference in lightness and darkness.
11. Cool colors are all colors that have white added to them.
12. The term two-dimensional may be applied to drawings and paintings.
13. The elements of design are the visual tools artists use to create art. The art elements include line, color, value, shape, form, texture, and space.
14. The term emphasis may be used for an area that has contrasting sizes, shapes, colors or other distinctive feature to catch the viewer's attention.
15. The term value refers to the brightness or dullness of a color. Value of a color may be dulled by adding its complement.
16. Intermediate or Tertiary colors are made by mixing equal parts of two primary colors. The intermediate colors are orange, green and violet (or purple). These are also called Tertiary colors.
17. Invented textures may be created by repeating lines and shapes in a pattern.
18. A line can vary in length, width, direction, curvature, value and color.
19. A line is a contour or outline considered as a feature of design or composition.
20. Monochromatic refers to a painting done in one value.
21. A secondary color is spaced equal distance between two primary colors on the color wheel.
22. You cannot see through an object or material that is opaque.
23. Pattern is lines, colors, or shapes repeated over and over in a planned way.
24. Pattern is a model or guide for making something.
25. The picture plane is the imaginary plane corresponding to the surface of a picture and perpendicular to the viewer's line of sight.
26. Positive shapes are the objects in a work of art.
27. Negative shape is the background or space around the subject of the artwork.
28. Black and white are the primary colors.
29. Repetition occurs when parts are used over and over in a planned way.
30. Rhythm is created when visual elements are repeated. Rhythm may be alternating, regular, flowing, progressive, or jazzy.
31. A drawing that was made 8" by 12" (20.3 x 30.5 cm) would be drawn to scale if it was enlarged to 12" by 18" (30.5 x 46 cm).
32. All cool colors are made with the color blue.
33. A dark value of a color is made by adding black to the color.
34. Hue is another term for color.
35. Drawing parallel lines to show grass is an example of simulated texture.
36. Space is the empty or open area between, around, above or within objects.
37. Subject is the idea shown in an artwork.
38. The qualities of a work associated with the sense of touch are tactile.
39. Technique is an artist’s way of using art materials such as a special type of brush-stroke.
40. Texture can be sensed by touch or sight.
41. A work of art that has length, width and height is three-dimensional.
42. Tints of colors may be created by adding white. Pink is a tint of red.
43. Unity is obtained by repeating colors and shapes -- all parts of a design are working together as a team.
44. Intensity is an art element that indicates the brightness or saturation of a color.
45. Variation is important in a work of art. Variation is the use of different lines, shapes, textures, and colors.
46. Red and green are examples of complementary colors.
47. Warm colors are all of the colors that have white added to them.
48. The color plan of red, yellow and blue is an example of a triad color scheme.
49. A related color scheme would be colors that are next to each other on the color wheel.
50. Analogous colors is another term for complementary colors.
24T (Has two different meanings. Personally, I try to avoid questions like this as they are trick questions and can be interpreted a variety of ways. -Ken)
41F (should also have depth)
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