Serving Art Educators
and Students Since 1994
ART 1 STUDY SHEET (final exam)
Submitted by: Ken Schwab, retired art teacher
Here is a list of topics that will be on the final: Study them!
Elements of Design: Line, Shape, Form, Color, Texture, Value, Proportion.
LINE - creates a shape, can be thick or thin, creates texture
SHAPE - is flat, 2-D, is an enclosed line, can be organic or geometric.
FORM - has depth, 3-D, forms are solid objects.
COLOR - has 3 properties, color-Hue or Chroma, Value (black/white/gray), Intensity ( bright vs. dull)
TEXTURE - rough or smooth, implied or real
VALUE - Dark and Light, in color, in drawing and in design.
PROPORTION - size differences
The elements combine to form the PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN
AREA OF EMPHASIS - a special section or place in the format, The aesthetic center of interest is not in the middle but uses the division of thirds. Also called the center of interest, focal point.
DIRECTIONAL MOVEMENT - Leads your eye through the format and to the area of emphasis by using a rhythmic overlay of shapes, color or values.
RHYTHM - the position of shapes, colors and values that work well with each other and help to produce directional movement.
BALANCE - the use of common elements throughout the format so that one area is not left without some of these elements. Color, values, textures, objects can be balanced. There is Asymmetrical / informal balance, and Symmetrical/ formal balance.
VARIETY OF SIZE - The variation of elements so as not to cause monotony
THE BASIC FORMS - Cube, Sphere, Cone, Cylinder, Pyramid and Prism. All of the objects and things in the world can be simplified to these forms. This is how you can draw more complicated forms by looking at the basic forms with in the objects and how they are constructed.
CONTOUR DRAWING - The one continual line that describes the outside edge of an object. Thick and thin line produce variety.
GRADATIONS - a gradual change between dark and light in drawing and painting. This can be created with a pencil by changing the pressure on the paper and by using small circular movements. A KNEADED eraser can soften the edge of a gradation by lifting graphite from the paper.
COLOR-PENCIL - The colored pencil can be blended with soft layers to produce new colors. A gradation can be made by overlapping soft layers of two colors.
COLOR CHART 1 - Hue or Chroma, the color of color
PRIMARIES - RED, YELLOW and BLUE
SECONDARIES - GREEN, VIOLET and ORANGE
TERTIARIES - YG,BG,BV,RV,YO,RO
INTERMEDIATES - YYG,GGY,YYO,OOY,BBG,GGB,RRV,VVR,ETC.
CHROMATIC SCALE - COLOR WHEEL 12 COLORS/24 COLORS
COLOR CHART 2 - Intensity /complementary pairs/neutrals
COMPLEMENTS - The complement of a color is located directly across the color wheel from another. Every color has a complement and every complementary pair has a warm color and a cool color.
INTENSITY - color comes to us as bright as it can be naturally, to dull the color you must add it's complement. The complementary color reduces the intensity of a color causing it to be dull and takes away it's chroma.
NEUTRAL - The neutral is a combination of a complementary pair and has no hue or chroma. It is called browns and is the source of a more natural color in nature. It can also be used to create shadows.
COLOR CHART 3 -Values /gray/ monochromatic
BLACK AND WHITE - Are not colors, black is the absence of all color, white is the presence of all color.
VALUE SCALE - The gradual change from white to black showing all the grays
MONOCHROMATIC SCALE - The addition of white and black to a color to produce TINTS (ADD WHITE) and SHADES (ADD BLACK) of one color.
CRAYON RESIST - This project uses crayon (wax) to resist Tempera paint. The Tempera paint can be thinned with water and with a heavy application of crayon the paint will resist the areas of crayon and go into the spaces left blank.
STYLIZED DESIGN - A mode of design that simplifies the most important aspects of an object. Flattens to 2-d, shapes instead of forms.
NON-OBJECTIVE DESIGN - A mode of design that has no recognizable object but can be derived from a realistic object with a finder.
PEN AND INK - Drawing styles of pen and ink include Crosshatching, Dots, Directional lines, cross hair, and scumbling. The closer the lines or dots are together the darker the area will become. You can use any combination of lines to produce a drawing. Always start with the darkest area first.
NAME________________________ PERIOD________ DATE_____________ # Correct _________
Please answer True/ False to the following statements.
_____1. The aesthetic center of interest is located directly in the middle of the format.
_____2. Green, yellow and red are the primary colors.
_____3. The color wheel is another way of showing the Chromatic scale.
_____4. A contour line is a single line that describes the outside edge of the object.
_____5. A shape is flat and 2-dimensional.
_____6. Yellow-green is an intermediate color.
_____7. The secondary colors are green, orange and violet
_____8. Negative space is the area you would call the background.
_____9. You don't have to press hard with a crayon for the paint to resist the wax.
_____10. Color Theory can be broken down into 3 groups.
_____11. Texture is an element of design.
_____12. There are 10 principles of good design.
_____13. Rhythm between shapes or objects helps create directional movement.
_____14. The Crayon Resist project was taken from Gothic Illuminations.
_____15. The focal point, or an area of emphasis are two very different things in design theory.
_____16. Value refers to dark and light.
_____17. Tempera Paint mixed with water will not resist crayon or wax.
_____18. Asymmetrical balance is also called informal balance.
_____19. Black and white are in the chromatic scale.
_____20. Color is not an element of design.
Please fill in the blank spaces with a word that makes the sentence true.
21. When making a gradation with pencil you should use a ______________motion with your pencil.
22. The _____________eraser is used to lighten graphite creating the soft gray areas on a drawing.
23. The lines of a contour drawing can be drawn __________ and ___________.
24. The element of _________refers to 3-dimensional objects.
25. When there is an area in a composition that is special or dominant, it is called the area of _____________.
26. A gradation from one color to another color when using colored pencils can be achieved by _______________ one color lightly over and into the other.
27. Another name for color is Hue or ______________.
28. The Chromatic scale has ____ colors.
29. The Primary Color Triad is ______,___________, and_______.
30. In color theory, ___________and ____________ are not considered colors.
31. The ________ of gray show the change from White to Black.
32. When you add Black to a color it is called a ___________.
33. When you add White to a color it is called a ___________.
34. To thin down Tempera paint you can add _________.
35. When you add black and white to one color, it is called a ______________scale.
36. When you are stylizing an object you should ____________ it to the most basic shapes to be recognized.
37. We are using wax from crayons in order to ___________ the water in black paint.
38. _______________ movement leads your eye through the format into the area of emphasis.
39. We can use the Division of __________ to help in finding the aesthetic center of interest in a composition.
40. How do you spell my last name?_____________________.
Please write True or False in the space provided for the following statements.
______1. Line can show direction.
______2. Size and Proportion mean the same thing.
______3. Rhythm can show directional movement.
______4. The Elements of design combine to produce the principles of design.
______5. Value refers to dark and light.
______6. A focal point is the same thing as a center of interest.
______7. The Primary colors are made by mixing the secondaries with the tertiaries.
______8. Blue is a Primary color.
______9. Yellow orange is a tertiary color.
______10.The Secondary colors are orange, violet and green.
______11. The color wheel shows all the colors in the chromatic scale.
______12. Blue Green is an Intermediate.
______13. Complementary pairs are located directly across from each other on the color wheel.
______14. Intensity refers to brightness and dullness in colors.
______15. To dull a color down to neutral you can add black.
______16. Not every color has a complement.
______17. Yellow and violet are complementary.
______18. A neutral color has no hue or chroma and is not a color on the chromatic scale.
______19. Black is the absence of color.
______20. You can add black and yellow to make tones of gray.
______21. A monochromatic scale is one color plus black and white.
______22. When you add white to a color it is called a shade of that color.
______23. A Cube is a basic form
______24. Back-shading is the negative space around forms.
______25. Reflected Light is always as light as the highlight.
______26. Contour drawing is one continual line that describes the outside edge of an object.
______27. A line can be made thick and thin to create interest.
______28. A gradation with pencil should show all the values of gray from black to white.
______29. Back shading can show the edge of a form on the highlighted side.
______30. A shadow can’t show where the light is coming from.
______31. Color theory can be broken down to three properties or groups.
______32. White is the presence of all color.
______33. Green is next to Yellow on the color wheel.
______34. All colors are the same value.
______35. Highlights show where the light hits an object directly.
Please fill in the missing word so that the sentence is true.
36. Value is the amount of _______and ________ in a composition.
37. The Element of _______________refers to surface quality rough or smooth.
38. If there are too many dark areas on just one side of the composition it is said to be out of _________________.
39. When shapes, lines, values, lead the eye through the format it is called _______________ movement.
40. The outside dimension of the paper or board of a work of art is called the _________.
41. Another name for color is _______ or ___________.
42. The closer lines are to each other, the __________they will appear.
43. Name two tertiary colors; _________________ and _________________.
44. Each complementary pair has a warm color and a _________color.
45. To create smudge shading we use a _________towel or a _________________.
46. A shape is ________ and a form is ___- dimensional.
47. Name three basic forms; ___________, _______________, ______________.
48. To find the best place for the area of emphasis we use the division of _________.
49. In pen and ink we learned Cross- ___________ style of drawing.
50. When you simplify objects down to their most basic shapes it is called a ____________ design as in the Illuminated letters of the crayon resist.
Match the names of the areas on the forms with the letters.
_____53. Reflected Light
_____55. Shade area
(NOTE: the letters pointing to the areas of the sphere above did not transfer to html)
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